Peas are well-known, a staple in many households. They are very nutritious and contain a good amount of fiber and antioxidants. They have been part of the human diet for 100’s years and are consumed throughout the world. Peas are not really vegetables, but are part of the legume family.
Companion Planting for Peas
Just like people, plants do better with some plants more than others. Ideal companion plants for peas include: beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumber, eggplant, parsley, peppers, potatoes, radish, spinach, strawberries and turnips. They do not grow well near the Allium family, so avoid onions and garlic.
Planting: Plant in early Spring or Fall, when temperatures are 55-65 degrees. Peas do not grow well in the heat. Likes well drained soil. When planting out space about 6-8″ in each direction. Can be broadcast sown 2″ apart in all directions. Rich organic soils are preferred, as is good drainage. Soil needs to be kept moist until germination.
Watering: Keep soil most, but not waterlogged.
Fertilizer: Prior to planting, add an organic fertilizer to the soil. Low maintenance. Needs less fertilizer than most other garden vegetables.
Days to Maturity: 55-65 days. Seedlings emerge in 7-10 days.
Size: 6-12″ wide and can be planted in rows 6-8″ apart.
Harvesting: When you see pods filled with peas, watch closely. Peas are most delicious when harvested as soon as they reach full size, which is slightly larger than the dry seed you planted. They will be tender, sweet and thin-skinned. After maturity peas rapidly decline in quality.
Tips: When you harvest peas, cool them quickly. Can keep in refrigerator up to 1 week. Grows well in containers. Sweet robust flavor.
Cooking Pea: Peas are best fresh when you can enjoy the crunch and full flavor. Can also be parboiled, steamed, added to stir fry or any dish. Boiling will reduce crispiness. Will store in refrigerator up to 1 week.